Gypsum panel is a material whose use has become popular, especially in offices, due to its versatility and easy handling. This technology consists of the combination of light materials such as galvanized steel profiles, fiber cement sheets or plaster sheets, self-tapping fixing screws and anchors for the construction of interior partitions and ceilings.
It is resistant, even though it might be thought that because it is a sheet of plaster it could be brittle or dirty like chalk, however, the development of dry construction technology with the sheet of plaster has made it possible to obtain a resistant sheet and that does not dirty
Until World War I, American homes were plastered, a process that required nailing hundreds of feet of wood lath to the ceiling and walls of each room. In 1916, the United States Gypsum Company, a company in the United States, produced the first plasterboards, which were basically compressed plaster between two paper panels and called them Sheetrock.
This new construction system allowed it to be quickly nailed onto a frame and the seams between the sheets could be plastered to make a unified wall, eliminating the need for wood lath, multiple layers of plaster, and days of drying (hence its generic name arises, “drywall” or dry wall), as it had the advantage of working with dry plaster. Hand in hand with World War II came an urgent need for military structures; from barracks to entire bases.
During the postwar period there was a construction boom in the US that meant the consolidation of this practical, fast and efficient construction system that was introduced in most American buildings and homes. Today, the United States is the world’s leading consumer of gypsum board (3.7 billion m2).